The Orphan of Zhao produced by the Hubei Provincial Experimental Huaguxi Theatre adopted the theatrical form of jingzhou huaguxi (sometimes called tianmian huaguxi).
In 2011, Hubei Provincial Experimental Huaguxi Theatre (formerly Qianjiang Municipal Huagu Company) was designated a state-owned public welfare institution; it would not only perform but also research on jingzhou/ tianmian huaguxi and other huaguxi forms in Hubei province.
The genre, literally meaning “flower-drum theatre”, is a picturesque name of the form, depicting that the performers used to sing while beating a small drum hanging on themselves at the waist and dancing with artificial flowers. Within China at least in six provinces (Hunan, Hubei, Anhui, Jiangxi, Henan and Shaanxi) there are different styles of the genre and they distinguish themselves by adding the geographical name before huaguxi. Jingzhou/ tianmian huaguxi has a history of about 150 years. Developed from the local folk song, dance and movements on stilts, traditionally it has always been popular in the countryside.