Wuju (dance theatre);舞剧

Chinese dance theatre incorporates the choreography and techniques of Western ballet, Chinese folk dance, and xiqu. Its music typically follows Western harmonic rules whilst its melodies are characteristically Chinese. It uses both Western and Chinese instruments. Wuju contains two distinct versions: minzu wuju (ethnic dance-theatre) and Zhongguo balei (Chinese ballet).

Minzu wuju aims at establishing a choreographic vocabulary rooted in Chinese classical and folk dances. The Precious Lotus Lamp (Baoliandeng, 1956), adapted from a traditional jingju play about love between a goddess and a mortal, is considered the first large-scale minzu wuju.

Chinese ballet has ventured to blend Western classical and Chinese traditional styles. Notable productions include The Red Detachment of Women (Hongse niangzijun, 1964) and The White-haired Girl (Baimaonü, 1965), adapted from a 1945 geju. Both were among the eight revolutionary model plays of the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976). The 1980s saw adaptations of contemporary literary masterpieces, such as Blessing (Zhufu 1981) and Thunderstorm (Leiyu 1982), which attempted to explore the characters’ psychology through choreography. Recently heralded was Tang Xianzu’s The Peony Pavilion (Mudanting 2016)





Thunderstorm (Wuju);雷雨(舞剧)